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Index » Exhibition Cooperation » Exhibition of technical hardware of the 19th-20th century
Exhibition of technical hardware of the 19th-20th century 24 May 2010

The exhibition displays the collections of the technical hardware from the museum collection; those items were made in the late 19th - mid-20th century (photo cameras, survey meters, portable gramophones, wall-mount and stand-alone radio receivers, and pocket watches). The pictures and the post-cards with the images of the streets and of the buildings of Gomel, of Gomel citizens, of the palace and park, which are kept both in the Museum holdings and in the private collections of the people living in Gomel, remind us of the past times.

Invention of snapshot photography, which would copy life onto a negative film, was of a huge success in the late 19th century. Photography had genres close to visual art genres, and that is why they included photography in the visual arts in the early 20th century.

A few art photography shops appeared in Gomel, Belarus at that time. The lodging house of Merchant Lovianov hosted the photographer studio of N.B. Levite, which was one of the most famous in Gomel. It was numerously awarded with golden medals and prizes at the art and industrial exhibitions in Russia and abroad for artistic approach to photographing. The yellow-pages calendars of the early 20th century had advertisements of the other art photographer studios in Gomel: "Central" studio of A.H. Levinman located in Rumyantsev Street, "Photography" studio of N.B. Vaxman and "Rembrandt" studio located in Troitskaya Street, "Modern" studio in Zamkovaya Street, photo studios of V. Bernstein and of S.D. Kurgan. Numerous landscape pictures were made in printing shops.

The exhibition displays postcards with the views of the streets and buildings of Gomel of that time; there were many of such postcards printed in the city. Their composition repeated the genre of architecture landscape painting. The views were the panorama pictures and pictures of the stand-alone buildings, citizens, and sometimes the pictures portrayed urban life scenes.

Various instruments were used in city building and in architecture. The exhibition displays as follows: the telescopic alidade - an optical geodesic instrument (made in Warsaw, Poland in the early 20th century), the astrolabe - an azimuth disk to determine latitude and longitude of celestial bodies (made in Russia in the 19th century), etc.

Prior to personal computers the texts would be printed by typewriters. The exhibited "Mercedes Favorite" typewriter was made in the early 20th century.

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